The lands, which have been constituent for their identity, are all grouped around a single great sea that lies at the center, exuding warmth and light, promising leisure and happi- ness. Since classical antiquity, all desires and movements have been directed toward this center, which has also been the driver of conquest.
It is from the greater Mediterranean area that all technical inventions and all scientific, philo- sophical, aesthetic, and political models have come, which continue to influence our culture through the present day. The old empires, such as ancient Greece and the Imperium Romanum, and the various forms of colo- nialism must be understood in the light of this central perspective. The entire gamut of social models, theories, and worldviews that seek to universalize have arisen from this notion of the center: the modern nation-state and democracy, capitalism and communism, Christendom, the notion of the world as a har- monic organism or as a single gigantic mechanism.
In late medieval times and the Renaissance, with courageous thinkers like Raimundus Lullus from Ma- jorca, the Englishman Roger Bacon, or the later proponents of a magical con- ception of nature, whose ideas ran at odds to conventional wisdom, there existed theoretically a chance of a radical new departure.
However, the compulsion to standardize thought that was exerted by the Catholic Church discriminated against these men and others like them, which made it impossible to realize any alternatives.
Viajeros extranjeros en el estado de Chihuahua (México), siglos XVI-XXI. (Spanish Edition)
After thinking in systems has triumphed, the Universal — initially as Christian and later as rational — will spread and represent the special achievement of the West. They do not live on territory that is enclosed but on fragments of land separated by the Fortuitous Finds instead of Searching in Vain 25 waters of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The absence of something that could unify the islands and their peoples is not felt to be a lack.
On the contrary, the only unifying, or standardizing, factor they have ever experienced is an invisible trace running along the sea floor — the chains of the slave trade. The cultural and economic activities of the islanders are characterized by institut- ing flexible relations between the land fragments.
Biomechanik (kleines Kompendium der Physiotherapie 11) (German Edition)
Their musical expression is song with highly disparate voices. The main thrust of his critique is directed toward the entirety of European thought, which has given rise to its hegemonial position in the West and Northern Hemisphere. His ideas link him with the work of all thinkers, particularly French intellectuals, who, during the last century of uniformities and terrible destruction, did not abandon the at- tempt to give all that is heterologous a chance: Georges Bataille, Maurice Blan- chot, Gilles Deleuze, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault.
We sense things, we follow a trail. However, trails are not simple phenomena. They are im- Chapter 2 26 pregnations of events and movements, and even prehistoric hunter-gatherers needed to learn much in order to decode, read, and classify the signs. What can be found there, analogous to spores, broken twigs, feces, or lost fur and feathers, was produced entirely by cultural and technical means. By seeking, collecting, and sorting, the archaeologist attaches meanings; and these meanings may be entirely different from the ones the objects had originally.
The only resolution of this dilemma is to reject the notion that this work is ground-breaking: to renounce power, which one could easily grasp, is much more difficult than to attain a position where it is possible to wield it.
Such a history must reserve the option to gallop off at a tangent, to be wildly enthusiastic, and, at the same time, to criticize what needs to be criticized. This method describes a pattern of searching, and delights in any gifts of true surprises. This idea does not apply only to the extreme sociopolitical situation under fascism.
CATCHING RAINDROPS PDF Original - Free E-Book Download
For example, the most exciting libraries are those with such abundant resources that it is impossible to organize them without employing armies of staff who would ultimately engineer the loss of this cornucopia. The London Library in St. James Square, founded in as a private club, is such a library.
There, you are less likely to find the book you have long been looking for without success and more likely, in the course of Fortuitous Finds instead of Searching in Vain 27 your explorations of the labyrinthine gangways with their floors of iron grat- ings, to chance upon a book that you did not even know existed and that is of far greater value than the one you were actually looking for.
Of far greater value, because your find opens up other paths and vistas that you did not even entertain during your focused search. This is a possible course to take: within a clearly defined context, the unsuccessful search for something is balanced by a fortuitous find, and this discovery is acknowledged as a possibility of equal worth. One simply has to try it out.
However, it must be stressed that this method has absolutely nothing to do with aimless wandering and meandering. In the first volume of his epic novel The Man without Qualities, Robert Musil wrote: To get through open doors successfully, it is necessary to respect the fact that they have solid frames. This principle, by which the old professor had always lived, is simply a req- uisite of the sense of reality.
However, if there is a sense of reality — and no one doubts its justification for existing — then there must also be something we might call a sense of possibility. Whoever has it does not say, for example, this or that has happened, will happen, or must happen here; instead, they invent: this or that might, could, or ought to happen in this case.
If they are told that something is the way it is, they think: Well, it could just as well be otherwise. Thus, the sense of possibility can be defined as the ability to conceive of everything there might be just as well and to attach no more importance to what is than to what is not. Bertolt Brecht asked the same question and included it in the title of the film Kuhle Wampe, which he made in with Slatan Dudow. The question refers to rights Chapter 2 28 over property and territory in the broad sense — ownership of factories, ma- chines, land, even entire countries or continents. It still needs asking today; however, another question is gradually taking over, which will be decisive in the coming decades: Who owns time?
- Viajeros extranjeros en el estado de Chihuahua (México), siglos XVI-XXI. (Spanish Edition).
- Civilization:Planet Salvaren.
- UNLIMITED BOOKS LIBRARY.
- Future Trends in Production Engineering?
This shift is not immediately apparent in global relationships, but if one scrutinizes the microstructures of the most technologically advanced nations and their corporations, it is quite apparent. Karl Marx wrote for posterity. Rather, we should take heed of who or what has power of disposal over our time and the time of others, and in what way. The only efficacious remedy for a melancholy and resigned attitude toward the world is to appropriate, or reappropriate, the power of disposal over the time that life and art need.
Only then is the future conceivable at all — as a permanent thing of impossibility. This is the time of history. Chronology fits us into the temporal order of things. Suffering can be chronic, but passion never is. Chronology cripples us because we are not made of enduring stuff and we shall pass.
Machines live longer. In reality, Fortuitous Finds instead of Searching in Vain 29 the proponents of these ideas merely reveal themselves as infinitely presumptu- ous: the now, the present, is to be extended far into the future and thus, by im- plication, preserved for posterity. The idea of preserving the minds of contemporary mortals in artificial and everlasting neural networks for future generations is another example of these rather obscene ideas.
The ancient Greeks understood only too well the dilemma resulting from chronology as the dominant time mode. They attempted to solve it by intro- ducing two more gods of time, Aion and Kairos, conceived of as antipodes to powerful Kronos, who ultimately devoured his own children. Aion shines at the transcendental dimensions: time that stretches far, far beyond the life span of humans and planet Earth; pure time, like that of machines; or, the fastest way from zero to infinity, as the avant-gard playwright and director Alfred Jarry once defined God.
He does nothing for us; he challenges us to make a decision. Once Kairos has passed by, it is too late. One may still be able to catch up again with the unique moment from behind, but from this position, it is no longer possible to seize hold of it. When an opportunity comes along, one must recognize it as auspicious and take it. Just such a character is the observer in chaos-theoretician Otto E. As an actor in the world, Roessler's observer is an activist, not the distanced observer of traditional physics.
Stables & stable equipment
This observer follows dynamic processes with great presence of mind and visualizes their change from one quality into another. This observer has only the one chance. Due to his association with making decisions, the turning-point character of Kairos is also expressed in Greek in the adverb harmoi at this precise time, at the ap- propriate time , a word that was rarely used. All techniques for reproducing existing worlds and artificially creating new ones are, in a specific sense, time media.
Photography froze the time that passed by the camera into a two-dimensional still, not into a moment, for a moment possesses a temporal range that is not cal- culable. Telegraphy shrank the time that was needed for information to bridge great distances to little more than an instant. Telephony complemented teleg- raphy with vocal exchanges in real time. The phonograph and records rendered time permanently available in the form of sound recordings. The motion- picture camera presented the illusion of being able to see the bodies in motion that photography had captured as stills.
In film, time that had passed techni- cally was rendered repeatable at will; the arrow of time of an event or process could be reversed, stretches of time that had become visual information could be layered, expanded, or speeded-up. Electromechanical television combined all these concepts in a new medium, and electronic television went one step further.